Iron & Iron

Classic Cyanotype & Simple Cyanotype Processes

The classic, safe, affordable, indeed rather strident, Prussian Blue process. One of the more interesting plays with Cyanotype is to create images that actually work well with Cyanotype. It can be tough. Early morning before sunrise when the sky is dark blue and the scene before you is cast in a cool monotone for example. The underwater world is a wonderful aquamarine when viewed under natural light. And so it is, safe, affordable, strident, and, well, blue. The cost of the chemistry is as low as $0.02 per 8x10 print, effectively making the chemistry free when compared to the cost of the paper the image is printed on.

New Cyanotype (link) is a modern, circa 1994, variation of the classic A/B Cyanotype process, invented by Dr. Mike Ware in as effort to overcome downsides of this classic process. The primary Cyanotype downsides the Ware formulation overcame are it’s tedious exposure times, ability to thoroughly penetrate into paper and cloth fibers, and issues with Prussian Blue itself washing out of the paper and leaching into the highlights during wet processing. Generally, conferring greater speed, stability, convenience and quality on the process.

Simple Cyanotype (link) is the 2019 new kid on the block a quarter of a century later. Congratulations to Dr. Mike Ware on his keen insights and inspiration (link) in creating this new single bottle Simple Cyanotype emulsion. This new formulation surpasses the abilities of the classic A/B formulation in the richness of deep tonality, lack of image bleeding into highlights, and the superb fine grain within the resultant image. Simple Cyanotype surpasses Dr. Ware’s 1994 ‘New’ process by being more amenable to paper impurities, is simple to mix together with inexpensive and readily available chemistry, and has the added benefits of being relatively safe around children and not harmful to the environment.

See News of the Arts – World Cyanotype Day 2019 (link) for a description of the expressive artwork that can be created with Simple Cyanotype.

Toning a Cyanotype results in everything from a dark eggplant sepia to a rich desert patina, all pending the tannins and stage of image bleaching used. Cyanotype acts like Velcro™ with its toning process. Full metal replacement toning involves bleaching or ‘ripping apart’ the Prussian Blue portion of the image, leaving a faint yellow image behind - like ripping the loops layer of Velcro™ off the hooks layer, leaving the hooks ready to accept something else. In the case of Cyanotype, the faint yellow image is awaiting a new iron metal, generally gallic or tannic acid – pure tannic acid or tannins from strong black coffee or thick red wine. The fresher and stronger the coffee and more tannic the wine the better. Toning via tannic acid (pure or from coffee, red wine, etc.) added directly to a Cyanotype without bleaching results in a dark warm overall image. Again, care must be taken to avoid dying of the paper media itself.

Day is Awake

DayIsAwake SimpleCyanotype

Simple Cyanotype

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